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Incidence and risk factors for hospital-acquired cholecystitis

      Summary

      Background

      Acute cholecystitis can occur both inside and outside hospital settings. However, little is known about the clinical characteristics of hospital-acquired cholecystitis (HAC).

      Aim

      To investigate the clinical characteristics of HAC in a tertiary academic hospital.

      Methods

      This retrospective cohort study included hospitalized patients who were found to have gallstones without cholecystitis or cholangitis on admission between January 2018 and December 2021. Multi-variate logistic regression analysis was used to make comparisons between patients with and without HAC.

      Findings

      In total, 890 patients met the inclusion criteria and were evaluated in this study. Forty-one patients (4.6%) developed HAC during the study period. Multi-variate logistic regression analysis showed that a history of cholecystitis or cholangitis, fasting for ≥1 day, and gallstones in the gallbladder neck were independently associated with increased risk of HAC. HAC occurred most frequently after several weeks of admission, and only four patients (9.8%) had bacteraemia.

      Conclusions

      HAC was relatively common among hospitalized patients. Physicians should be aware of the possibility of HAC in symptomatic hospitalized patients with certain risk factors.

      Keywords

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